Orchids are one of the oldest family of flowering plants. Orchid varieties have been found all over the world. This leads experts to believe that they have been around even before the continents separated! Orchid plants are valued for their exquisitely beautiful flowers. Many of these flowers stay for months and this makes them good cut flowers and much cherished ornamental plants. The flowers are used in the preparation of perfumes and beauty products. Vanilla essence is extracted from a species of orchid, which is of high commercial value. Orchids are considered as a symbol of love. These exotic blooms are also considered unrivalled symbol of luxury. Orchids have the tiniest seeds in the world. A single seedpod can have up to 3 million seeds inside! The seeds are so small they can only be seen under a microscope. My first two pictures show two varieties of Phalaenopsis species. The third picture is that of Crucifix orchid (Epidendrum ibaguense) and the last picture is that of Ground orchid (Spathoglottis plicata).
Flowers with a trumpet-shaped corolla (fused petals) are named trumpet flowers. There are many flowers that show this feature, but some of them are thus named and we will look at four of these. Golden trumpet (Allamanda cathartica) is commonly seen as a landscape ornamental in tropical regions. These plants have beautiful, large, deep golden yellow flowers that are mildly fragrant. Angel’s trumpet (Brugmansia suaveolens) produces pendulous bunches of flowers that are short-lived, yet so beautiful. They are seen in shades of pink, yellow and white. The Trumpet vine plant (Campsis radicans) is a bushy creeper notable for its showy trumpet-shaped flowers. They bloom all summer long and hummingbirds are frequent visitors of these showy bunches of flowers. Blue trumpet vine (Thunbergia grandiflora), a climber, requires support such as trellises and makes a decorative cover for fences and walls. The trumpet-shaped flowers are borne on long, pendent branches.
The genus Hibiscus is a popular ornamental plant of the tropics. With showy flowers in myriad colours these are ubiquitous shrubby plants. The common species is Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. In tropical climate the species requires least care compared to other ornamental plants. Though the flowers are not scented their colour attracts nature lovers and others alike. I read that Hibiscus is generally considered quite a feminine flower and in certain cultures these flowers are usually given to or worn by women. In Victorian times, hibiscus bloom was gifted to acknowledge the receiver’s delicate beauty by the giver. The colour of the flower is also considered to indicate certain emotions- like, yellow hibiscus is often associated with happiness and good luck. Red hibiscus is a symbol of love and passion. Pink hibiscus stands for friendship and love of friends. Hibiscus tea from dried petals or flowers and their extracts in raw state were traditionally thought to help everything from heart disease to the common cold to luxurious hair growth!
Water lilies are freshwater flowering plants. They grow very well in tropical climate and in temperate regions too. These herbaceous plants are rooted in the muddy bottom of freshwater bodies with floating leaves. Flowers emerge above the water surface. The elegant and starry flowers can instantly enhance the beauty of home gardens! When we think of water lily, probably we may think of the classic white or pink blooms bursting from a deep green lily pad. But they grow in many colours, including orange, yellow, purple, and blue. This delicate flower has been associated with several symbolic meanings which include eternity, beauty, purity and divinity. A Native American legend surrounding water lily says that it was once a star that fell in the water from the sky, which then turned into a flower. Water lilies belong to the family Nymphaeaceae and are closely related to Lotus.
Flowers are generally beautiful due to the presence of colourful petals. People love flowers for their array of colours, textures, shapes and fragrance. Now, imagine flowers without these showy petals or, with inconspicuous petals. Will we still adore them? Yes…many flowers have variations in their essential whorls, like stamens, to compensate for the lack of colourful petals and they still look beautiful! In these flowers the stamens are usually very conspicuous, brightly coloured and numerous. Here you can enjoy the beauty of a few such flowers with a burst of stamens. These flowers belong to the family Myrtaceae, the family of Guava.
Roses have a long and colorful history. According to fossil evidence, they are 35 million years old! These lovely flowers are anytime favorites in gardens. There are more than 150 types of roses that grow as shrubby plants or climbers. Some interesting facts about roses- The impressive rose that grows on a wall on the Hildesheim Cathedral in Germany is thought to be the oldest living rose and is 1,000 years old. Rose water made from the petals is often added to jellies or jams, or is used as flavoring in Indian and Chinese dishes. The lovely fragrance of roses is a popular floral scent that is used in women’s perfumes. Various colours of roses are attributed with specific meanings. Besides red roses symbolizing love and romance, pink roses exude grace and elegance. The yellow rose represents friendship and cheer, and white roses signify sympathy. President Ronald Reagan declared the rose as the national flower of the U.S.
When we see a flower, what is the first thing we notice? Its size… its shape… its fragrance, or perhaps… its colour! A flower’s colour is one of the many factors that makes nature so beautiful. Here are the pictures of a few pink flowers that I captured at various times. Various folk cultures and traditions had given symbolic meanings to flowers and their colours. According to flower symbolism pink flowers combine innocence, playfulness and sensitivity. For some, pink flowers are the most romantic colour. Pink flowers have been traditionally associated with femininity and hence represent grace and gentility.
Cosmos plants are cousins of daisy and marigold, and belong to the huge Asteraceae family. These attractive flowers bring an explosion of colours to the garden landscape with white, red, yellow, orange, pink and various shades of these colours. Cosmos are annual flowers that are borne by long slender stalks. Blooming throughout the summer, they attract birds, bees and butterflies to the garden. Cosmos are easily grown from seeds and even survive in poor soil conditions. Though these are mainly grown as ornamental plants, traditionally they were used in indigenous medicines and certain culinary preparations. Cosmos flowers also yield dyes. Cosmos flowers are said to symbolize order and harmony, due to the flower’s harmonious petals. The flower is also viewed as symbolizing tranquility, peace, innocence and love.
Beans are among the most versatile and commonly eaten vegetables throughout the world. Many varieties are grown by farmers and people in their home gardens. Edible beans are nutrient-rich vegetables and they contain a variety of vitamins and minerals, in addition to protein, fibre, a moderate amount of calories and other nutrients.
I have four varieties growing in my garden, as you can see in these pictures. Notice that the structure of the flowers is different from other flowers. A bit of Botany here 🙂 The heart-shaped big petal is called the ‘standard petal’ and attracts pollinators such as bees. Next two petals are named ‘wing petals’ and the last pair that grows fused is called ‘keel petal’. All essential parts are enclosed within the keel petals.
Bean blossoms with the above configuration are said to be ‘papilionaceous’, meaning butterfly-like.
Good to be here after a long gap…. I might have missed many of your posts. Here I am bringing a little cheer for all 🙂 Each one of these flowers has an exquisite structure and are gorgeous. They are quite big and showy.
Glory lily (Gloriosa superba) with it’s flaming petals can never be missed, though it is generally not grown as a garden plant. The plant is poisonous and can cause fatalities, if consumed. Night-blooming cereus is a member of the cactus family. As the name suggests, the flowers bloom at night and are gone by daybreak! The plant has flat ribbon-like stem and well adapted for tropical climate. Scarlet passionflower (Passiflora coccinea) is an ornamental, woody climber and does not produce fruits like the commercially cultivated variety. At least, I haven’t seen fruits on this plant, growing in my garden. Water lily prefers a freshwater habitat. There are more than fifty species of water lilies. According to Indian mythology, lotus is the better half of sun while water lily is of moon. Water lilies symbolize innocence, purity, pleasure, celebration, rebirth, wellness and peace.