Flies…flies…!

Flies are insects with a single pair of wings.                                                                      Anybody with a lush garden and keen observation can spot these flies around your garden, as I could!

f1
Crane fly- Pselliophora laeta

Crane fly mimics a paper wasp but it is harmless. This type of crane flies are generally seen in Asian countries. The larvae feed on decaying matter.

Robber fly or Assassin fly is a predator, feeding on other small insects and pests in the garden.

Long-legged flies are very small flies with large, prominent eyes and a metallic cast to their appearance. Adults are predators, feeding on aphids, larvae of mosquitos etc.

Black soldier flies are of great economic importance as the larvae decompose organic matter to form manure. They are very common in gardens.

f2
Robber fly- Philodicus sp
f3
Asian long-legged fly- Condylostylus spp
f4
Black Soldier fly-  Hermetia illucens
Advertisements

Two bugs

Two guests from my garden that are not so welcome. They are pests of my plants…

P4
Pest on eggplant

P3

These are pictures of a pest on Brinjal or Eggplant- Coccinellid beetle (Henosepilachna vigintioctopunctata). These bugs eat away the green portions resulting in the skeletonizing and drying of the leaves. The bugs are of 5-6 mm in size. They are also named as ’28-spotted potato ladybird’.

Now certain bugs on Curry leaf plants.
These appear to be new entrants as I have never seen them before! These pictures show the larvae and adult of Tortoise Beetle (Silana farinosa) that damage the plants by skeletonizing the leaves. The bug may be 5-6 mm long.

Larvae have a deceptive shape. The globose structure is the poo carried by the larvae, mostly to scare away the enemies!

P2
Larvae
IMG_7371
Adult tortoise beetle

Dragonflies

d2
Wandering Glider- from my garden

Another misnomer, denoting these delicate flies. Dragonflies belong to the order Odonata. Fossil records suggest that they inhabited earth about 325 million years ago!

These predators are migratory in nature; powerful and agile fliers, capable of migrating across oceans, moving in any direction. It is an interesting observation that during monsoon, they appear in large groups and fly at a lower level before the rains.

They need water bodies to complete life cycle and loss of wetland habitats is threatening dragonfly populations around the world.

Wandering glider (Pantala flavescens) is the most common dragonfly across the globe. All pictures are captured in the backyard of my home.

d1
Pied Paddy Skimmer (female)-Neurothemis tullia
d3
Aethriamanta brevipennis- Scarlet marsh hawk