Dragonflies

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Common picture wing – Rhyothemis variegata

This is my third post of Dragonflies. I have two types of dragonflies here,  from my garden!
Friends? Oh yes…they are predators of other flies that are pests.

The common picture wing (Rhyothemis variegata) or variegated flutterer, is a species of dragonfly with colorful wings tinted with pale yellow. There are a few black spots and patches, which are more pronounced in females than in males. These are called as “Onathumpi”, in my native language.

Orange-winged dropwing, alias Scarlet rock glider (Trithemis kirbyi) is a scarlet dragonfly with a broad reddish amber patch on the base of transparent wings. The females differ being duller.

Most probably these dragonflies are visitors to my garden, knowing their natural habitats which are wetlands.

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Onathumpi – Common Picture wing
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Scarlet Rock Glider – Trithemis kirbyi
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Scarlet Rock Glider – Another angle
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Bagworm

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What’s that…feathers sticking to a flower?!!
Do not get fooled, that is a bug from my garden…the bagworm.

Bagworms are a type of small moths belonging to Psychidae. Larvae form characteristic silken cases covered with bits of leaves, twigs, and other debris.
Here she is more concerned about the beauty of her case, hence decoration with soft feathers! 🙂

These moths pupate in the larval case after it is attached to a substratum. In most species, the female does not leave the case, as it lacks wings and has only rudimentary parts. The male bagworm emerges as a freely flying moth.

The adult’s life span is too short. Males live for only 2-3 days. Females lay eggs in the larval case itself and die. Once the eggs hatch, larvae crawl out to form their own cases.

I am not sure about the identity of this bagworm.

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The bug comes out of the case
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Crawling over 
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It took 3-4 hrs for the bug to crawl around the flower!

Rose-ringed parakeet

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He

Rose-ringed parakeets (Psittacula krameri) are regular visitors to my garden. They land on my Caesalpinia plant (Peacock flower plant) in small groups or in pairs to feast on the seeds. They are definitely a noisy lot!

We can easily identify the male and female birds. Males have a black-red neck band and females don’t. They have long tail feathers and very pleasing green plumage. In fact, it has given rise to the phrase ‘parrot-green’ to refer to that particular shade of green.

Rose-ringed parakeets are least threatened and have adapted well to changing habitats. I believe they can be trained to talk when caged and kept as a pet!

Here is a pair of lovely rose-ringed parakeets captured in my garden; the pictures were captured in a continuous series.

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She
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Love you…
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Seal With A Kiss… 😊

Flies…flies…!

Flies are insects with a single pair of wings.                                                                      Anybody with a lush garden and keen observation can spot these flies around your garden, as I could!

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Crane fly- Pselliophora laeta

Crane fly mimics a paper wasp but it is harmless. This type of crane flies are generally seen in Asian countries. The larvae feed on decaying matter.

Robber fly or Assassin fly is a predator, feeding on other small insects and pests in the garden.

Long-legged flies are very small flies with large, prominent eyes and a metallic cast to their appearance. Adults are predators, feeding on aphids, larvae of mosquitos etc.

Black soldier flies are of great economic importance as the larvae decompose organic matter to form manure. They are very common in gardens.

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Robber fly- Philodicus sp
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Asian long-legged fly- Condylostylus spp
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Black Soldier fly-  Hermetia illucens

Lynx Spiders

Let us meet friends from my garden once again. This time I will introduce Lynx spiders.

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White lynx spider- Oxyopes shweta

Most species of lynx spiders do not use webs and they spend time hiding under leaves and waiting to ambush the prey. Most of them have large spiny bristles on their legs that may assist in confining the prey in their grasp.

Lynx spiders are very agile and have a small body of barely 1cm, with long legs. They have very good eyesight with 8 eyes! Generally they run away from predators. Though they rarely bite human beings, a bite can cause swellings on the body part.

All pictures are clicked in my garden.

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Green lynx spider- Peucetia viridan
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Orange-backed lynx spider (With prey)- Oxyopes kohaensis sp. nov.  
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Orange lynx spider- Oxyopes sunandae

 

Shield bugs

This post presents shield bugs from my garden. They may be friends or foes… cannot tell easily as I couldn’t see any visible damage in my garden by these insects.

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Brown marmorated stink bug-
Halyomorpha halys

Shield bugs are also called stink bugs as they release a pungent substance from special glands on their thorax, when threatened, repelling nearly any predator that has a sense of smell.

Though we refer all insects as bugs, the term ‘bug‘ actually refers to members of a specific group of insects – Hemiptera- to which shield bugs belong and so they are “True bugs”.

I couldn’t get the scientific name of the black stink bug.

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Black shield bug
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Red Cotton Bug-  Dysdercus cingulatus
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Green Stink Bug – Plautia affinis

Common Myna

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Common myna

Groups or pairs of Common Myna (Acridotheres tristis) regularly visit my garden or backyard; they can be seen foraging on the road in front and the nearby properties.

This particular one was of interest as it frequented the backyard and moved in circles. A close encounter showed the reason for this circular motion… it was blind in one eye! May be a fight between the members in a group or a disease.

I noticed the disability as it flew down from the palm tree where it was perching.

I have seen it always alone and its absence is noticed since a month.

Common myna is considered a flourishing species. The prefix ‘common’ distinguishes it from ‘Jungle myna’.

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With the damaged right eye

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Two bugs

Two guests from my garden that are not so welcome. They are pests of my plants…

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Pest on eggplant

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These are pictures of a pest on Brinjal or Eggplant- Coccinellid beetle (Henosepilachna vigintioctopunctata). These bugs eat away the green portions resulting in the skeletonizing and drying of the leaves. The bugs are of 5-6 mm in size. They are also named as ’28-spotted potato ladybird’.

Now certain bugs on Curry leaf plants.
These appear to be new entrants as I have never seen them before! These pictures show the larvae and adult of Tortoise Beetle (Silana farinosa) that damage the plants by skeletonizing the leaves. The bug may be 5-6 mm long.

Larvae have a deceptive shape. The globose structure is the poo carried by the larvae, mostly to scare away the enemies!

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Larvae
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Adult tortoise beetle

Katydid

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Katydid- female

Katydid or long-horned grasshopper….  The species is green and grows to one and a half to two inches in length. The forewings have “veins” that resemble the veins of leaves, helping to disguise the insect. The filamentous antennae can even exceed their body length.

I found these on my geranium plants and looks like they like to eat geranium leaves.
The first picture is that of a female Katydid with a brown coloured structure, the ‘ovipositor’, clearly visible. This structure helps the female to stick her eggs together in clusters.

The male  is shown in the second picture. Poor guy, he has lost one of his hind legs!

Katydids can make shrill sound by rubbing special structures on their forewings together.

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Male

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Red-whiskered Bulbul

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Red-whiskered bulbul

This pretty Red-whiskered  Bulbul (Pycnonotus jocosus) is a regular visitor to my garden.

During  breeding seasons a pair of them fly around my terrace garden, unmindful of my presence, drink water and bathe in the shallow pan I have provided for the birds. They take turns and cool off!

Red- whiskered bulbuls are beautiful with brown upper-parts and whitish underparts with buff flanks and a dark spur running onto the breast at shoulder level. It has a tall pointed black crest and  red face patch. The tail is long ; the vent area is red.

They feed on fruits and insects.

Their shrill sound reverberates in the morning and evening hours and needless to say, I enjoy it.

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Cooling off on my terrace